A poem creates a voice. It does this with verb tense, grammar, vocabulary, rhythm, and silence. It may be a quiet or loud voice. A poem makes an unheard voice possible. A poem can create a voice. It may be in a poem that we discover or hear our own voices for the first time. I recognized when I started writing that I was writing in the rhythm of my mother’s voice. The ways voice is created in a poem may help you find your poetic voice and what you want to say. These are radical voice lessons from poetry for all writers.
1 Lyric tense
2 The barbaric yawp
3 Persona: other as self, self as other
4 Inner voice/inscape
5 Apostrophe: calling into presence
6 Silences and interstices